The advent of the Portuguese – The first Europeans to land in India who managed to carve out enclaves of power – showed up the chaotic situation in this vast land. The mighty Mughals were yet to build their empire but they never quite gained mastery over the seas; on the other land, the colonial empires were built on the strength of the naval power of their home countries.
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Brief History of Modern India (2021Edition) by Spectrum Publications
SKU: SPECTRMODIND Category: UPSC